Sunday, January 27, 2008

52nd Academy Awards

The 52nd Academy Awards were presented April 14, 1980 at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion Los Angeles. The ceremonies were presided over by Johnny Carson.

Kramer vs. Kramer is a 1979 film adapted by Robert Benton from the novel by Avery Corman, and directed by Benton. The film tells the story of a divorce and its impact on everyone involved, including the couple's young son. It received the Academy Award for Best Picture in 1979. Kramer vs. Kramer reflected a cultural shift which occurred during the 1970s and the period of second-wave feminism, when ideas about "motherhood" and "fatherhood" were changing. The film was widely praised for the way in which it gave equal weight and importance to both Joanna and Ted's points of view.

Robert Benton won as Best Director for the film. Among his directing credits are movies such as: Feast of Love (2007, based on the novel by Charles Baxter) - starring Radha Mitchell, Fred Ward, The Human Stain (2003), Twilight (1998), Nobody's Fool(1994), Billy Bathgate (1991) Nadine (1987) starring Jeff Bridges, Kim Basinger, Rip Torn , Places in the Heart (1984), Still of the Night (1982) starring Roy Scheider, Meryl Streep and Jessica Tandy Kramer vs. Kramer (1979) The Late Show (1977) Bad Company (1972). He has enjoyed a highly successful career in film, winning numerous prestigious awards for both writing and directing.

The Best Actor award went to Dustin Hoffman, the first of two, for Kramer vs. Kramer. In 1966, Mike Nichols, began casting The Graduate. Negotiations with Warren Beatty and Robert Redford fell through, Hoffman auditioned for the role. Hoffman had been set to play the role of Nazi playwright Franz Liebkind in Mel Brooks' 1968 movie The Producers, but dropped out when he landed the role of Benjamin Braddock, opposite Anne Bancroft. The film began production in March 1967. Hoffman received an Academy Award nomination for his performance. Hoffman's next role was Ratso Rizzo in Midnight Cowboy. Hoffman received his second Academy Award nomination for Midnight Cowboy, while the film won the Best Picture honor. This was followed by his role in Little Big Man, wherein he played Jack Crabb, who ages from teenager to the age of 121 years in the film. Hoffman continued to appear in major films over the next few years. Who Is Harry Kellerman and Why Is He Saying Those Terrible Things About Me?, Straw Dogs, and Papillon were followed by Lenny in 1974. Hoffman once again received a nomination for Best Actor, his third nomination in seven years. Less than two years after the Watergate scandal, Hoffman and Robert Redford starred as Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, respectively, in All the President's Men. Hoffman next starred in Marathon Man, a film based on William Goldman's novel of the same name, opposite Laurence Olivier as a sadistic former Nazi who plans to smuggle diamonds out of America. Hoffman's next roles were not as successful. He opted out of directing Straight Time but starred as a thief. His next film, Michael Apted's Agatha, was opposite Vanessa Redgrave starring as Agatha Christie. Hoffman's next starred in Robert Benton's Kramer Vs. Kramer as workaholic Ted Kramer whose wife unexpectedly leaves him and he must raise their son alone. Hoffman starred alongside Meryl Streep in the film, which earned Hoffman his first Academy Award. The film also received the Best Picture honor, as well as Supporting Actress (Streep) and Director. In Tootsie, Hoffman portrays Michael Dorsey, a struggling actor who finds himself dressing up as a woman (Dorothy Michaels) to land a role on a soap opera. His co-star was Jessica Lange. Tootsie earned ten Academy Award nominations, including Hoffman's fifth nomination. In director Barry Levinson's Rain Man, Hoffman starred as Raymond Babbitt, opposite Tom Cruise. Levinson, Hoffman and Cruise worked for two years on the film, His performance garnered Hoffman his second Academy Award. Throughout the 1990s, Hoffman appeared in many large, studio films, such as Warren Beatty's Dick Tracy, Hero and the ill-fated Billy Bathgate. Hoffman also played the title role of Captain Hook in Steven Spielberg's Hook, earning Hoffman a Golden Globe nomination. Hoffman played the lead role in Sam Daniels in Outbreak, alongside Rene Russo, Kevin Spacey, Morgan Freeman, Cuba Gooding Jr. and Donald Sutherland. Following that, he appeared in Sleepers with Brad Pitt and Jason Patric. He starred opposite John Travolta in the Costa Gavras vehicle Mad City. More recently, Hoffman played theatre owner Charles Frohman in the J.M. Barrie biopic Finding Neverland, costarring Johnny Depp and Kate Winslet. Hoffman co-starred with Barbra Streisand, Robert De Niro and Ben Stiller in 2004's Meet the Fockers, a sequel to Meet the Parents. In 2007 he was featured in an advertising campaign for Australian telecommunications company Telstra's Next G network., appeared in the 50 Cent video "Follow My Lead" as the psychiatrist, and played the title character in the family film Mr. Magorium's Wonder Emporium. Hoffman married Anne Byrne in May 1969. The couple had two children, Karina and Jenna. They divorced in 1980. His second marriage to attorney Lisa Gottsegen in October 1980, produced four more children, Jacob, Maxwell, Rebecca and Alexandra. Hoffman also has two grandchildren.

Sally Field is a two-time Academy Award winning American actress. She is also a three-time Emmy Award winner and two-time Golden Globe Award winner who became a household name at age 20 as Sister Bertrille in the 1960s sitcom The Flying Nun. She stars as Nora Holden Walker on the ABC hit drama, Brothers & Sisters, as a grieving matriarch who helps out in the family business.Field got her start on television, as the boy-struck surfer girl in the mid-1960s surf culture sitcom series Gidget. She then went on to star in her best known television role, as Sister Bertrille in The Flying Nun. She studied with famed acting teacher Lee Strasberg. Soon after, Field landed the title role in the 1976 TV film Sybil. Field had a number of critical and commercial successes in movies, particularly in the 1980s. In 1977 she co-starred with Burt Reynolds, Jackie Gleason and Jerry Reed in that year's #2 grossing film Smokey and the Bandit. In 1979, she starred as a union organizer in Norma Rae, and won the Best Female Performance Prize at the Cannes Film Festival and the Academy Award for Best Actress. Field won another Academy Award in 1985 for her starring role in Places in the Heart. Her gushing acceptance speech is well-remembered for its earnestness. In it, Field stated "I haven't had an orthodox career, and I've wanted more than anything to have your respect. The first time I didn't feel it, but this time I feel it, and I can't deny the fact that you like me, right now, you like me!".She has had supporting roles in other movies, including Mrs. Doubtfire (1993) in which she played the wife of Robin Williams and the love interest of Pierce Brosnan, followed by the role of Forrest's mother in Forrest Gump (1994). She is only 10 years older than Tom Hanks, with whom she had co-starred six years earlier in Punchline. On television, Field had a recurring role on ER in the 2000-2001 season as Dr. Abby Lockhart's mother Maggie, who is struggling to cope with bipolar disorder, a role for which she won an Emmy Award in 2001. Field dated Burt Reynolds for many years. She married Steven Craig in 1968. The couple had two sons, Peter, a novelist and Eli, an actor and director. They divorced in 1975. In 1984, she married film producer Alan Greisman. They had one son, Sam. The couple divorced in 1993.

Melvyn Douglas won for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Being There, his second award and Meryl Streep won as Best Supporting Actress for Kramer vs. Kramer. Meryl Streep, is an American actress who has worked in theatre, television, and film. Streep made her professional stage debut in 1971's The Playboy of Seville and her screen debut came in 1977's made-for-television movie The Deadliest Season. Streep made her film debut in 1977's Julia opposite Jane Fonda and Vanessa Redgrave. Both critical and commercial success came quickly with roles in The Deer Hunter with Robert De Niro and Kramer vs. Kramer with Dustin Hoffman, the former giving Streep her first Oscar nomination and the latter her first win. Streep's work has earned her two Academy Awards, six Golden Globes, two Screen Actors Guild Awards (SAG), a Grammy Award nomination, a BAFTA award and a Cannes award. She has received 14 Academy Award nominations, more than any other actor or actress in the history of the awards. Streep is widely considered to be one of the most respected and talented film actors of all time. She is also one of the few actors to have won all four major motion picture acting awards (Oscars, Golden Globes, SAG, and BAFTA awards). In her first feature film, Julia, she had a small but pivotal role during a flashback scene. The Deer Hunter (1978) was her second feature film and it earned Streep her first Academy Award nomination, for "Best Supporting Actress". The following year, she won an Academy Award for her role opposite Dustin Hoffman in Kramer vs. Kramer. In 1982 she won again, for Sophie's Choice ("Best Actress"), where she starred alongside Peter MacNicol and Kevin Kline. A year later she appeared in her only Woody Allen film, Manhattan. Streep was engaged to The Deer Hunter co-star John Cazale ("Fredo" in The Godfather) until his death from bone cancer on March 12th, 1978. In September 1978, she married sculptor Don Gummer. They have four children: Henry W. (Hank) (born in 1979), Mary Willa (Mamie) (born in 1983), Grace Jane (born in 1986), and Louisa Jacobson (born in 1991). Mamie Gummer has chosen acting as a career, and made her off-Broadway debut as Lucy in a 2005 production of Mr. Marmalade at the Laura Pels Theatre. In the 1980s, Streep appeared in the acclaimed films The French Lieutenant's Woman, Silkwood with Kurt Russell and Cher, Out of Africa with Robert Redford, and Ironweed, with Jack Nicholson. In A Cry in the Dark Streep portrayed Lindy Chamberlain, the Australian mother who was accused of being responsible for the death of her infant after claiming that a dingo took her baby. For her performance, she was awarded Best Actress at the Cannes Film Festival. In the 1990s Streep took a greater variety of roles, including a strung-out B-film actor in a screen adaptation of Carrie Fisher's novel Postcards from the Edge with Dennis Quaid and Shirley MacLaine, and a farcical role in Death Becomes Her with Goldie Hawn and Bruce Willis. Streep also appeared in the movie version of Isabel Allende's The House of the Spirits, Clint Eastwood's screen adaptation of The Bridges of Madison County, The River Wild, She-Devil, Marvin's Room (with Diane Keaton and Leonardo DiCaprio), One True Thing, and Music of the Heart, in a role that required her to learn to play the violin. In 2002, she co-starred with Nicolas Cage in Spike Jonze's quirky Adaptation, as real-life author Susan Orlean; and with Nicole Kidman and Julianne Moore in The Hours. She also appeared with Al Pacino and Emma Thompson in the HBO adaptation of Tony Kushner's six-hour play Angels in America, in which she had four roles. In addition, she appeared in Jonathan Demme's remake of The Manchurian Candidate co-starring Denzel Washington, in which she played a role made famous by Angela Lansbury. She also starred with Jim Carrey in Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events. Streep's most recent film releases are Prime (2005), the Robert Altman film A Prairie Home Companion with Lindsay Lohan and Lily Tomlin and the box-office success The Devil Wears Prada with Anne Hathaway which grossed nearly $125 million dollars and earned Streep the 2007 Golden Globe award for Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy. On January 23, 2007, Streep earned her 14th Academy Award nomination (her 11th for Best Actress) for The Devil Wears Prada.

The Tin Drum (German: Die Blechtrommel) is a 1978 film adaptation of the novel of the same name by Günter Grass. It was directed and co-written by Volker Schlöndorff. The film won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes film festival and the 1979 Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. David Bennent plays Oskar, the young son of a German rural family, circa 1925. On his third birthday, Oskar receives a shiny new tin drum. At this point, rather than mature into one of the miserable specimens of grown-up humanity that he sees around him, he vows never to get any older or any bigger. Whenever the world around him becomes too much to bear, the boy begins to hammer on his drum; should anyone try to take the toy away from him, he emits an ear-piercing scream that literally shatters glass. As Germany degenerates towards Nazism and war in the 1930s and 1940s, the unageing Oskar continues savagely beating his drum.

"It Goes Like It Goes" is a song written by David Shire and Norman Gimbel. It was sung by Jennifer Warnes for the Norma Rae soundtrack in 1979. "It Goes Like It Goes" won an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1979.

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